When leading organizations today, most leaders think of resistance to change as the enemy: A force to minimize, eliminate or avoid. And, if you wait until everyone is aligned and on board (or over-emphasize consensus) you miss out on good opportunities to grow.
Today, I shed light on the true meaning of resistance….And share three specific ways you can harness this natural force to increase your change results. (and stop viewing it as a force to judge, ignore or eradicate.)
3 Simple Rules of Managing Resistance to Change
#1 – Resistance to change is always present.
“For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction” is Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion. When an object pushes another object, it is met by equally hard push-back in the opposite direction.
What is true in the physical world, is true in business.
When a big change is announced … (especially one that is perceived as impacting a person's job), it creates fear and skepticism (which spreads quickly, left unchecked). Resistance to change is a signal to leaders, they have done a good job of communicating the change, but perhaps not a sufficient job of creating buy-in or “felt need" for the change. (Including the sacrifices needed.) This stimulates passive resistance: Some people comply but are not going the extra mile. Whatever the case, WHY isn’t relevant or big enough for them. Lack of resistance = lack of bold action.
In American culture, the days of announcing change and assuming everyone will march in unison, no longer exist. “Compliance to the boss” doesn't cut it in the modern workplace. (Younger generations just quit.) This is not just about doing better change management programs. It's about fundamental shifts in the mindset you hold about change: Viewing it beyond financial results to creating a social movement with a meaningful purpose. (If this seems like hooey to you, you are not alone.) Times have changed; if you're not on this train, you will be left behind.
When you accept resistance to change is always a factor (visible or invisible), and understand it as an emotional force that must be understood and respected - you quicken the physical movement towards the vision.
This powerful mindset shift helps leaders drop judgments about people who aren't on board. They focus instead on understanding what's behind their fears, opening the door to a meaningful dialogue about why the change is so important to the business. This is not difficult to do, once you buy-in to the mindset behind it. There are many creative ways to get this right.
#2 – Resistance is a strengthening force.
What happens when I add resistance to my exercise program? I use more energy which in turn, burns more calories. Ultimately, resistance training creates greater physical strength. My willingness to keep pulling or pushing or pumping is the law of physics at work, the fuel for strength, stamina, endurance. Medicine and crop yields offer us important lessons about resistance as well: The greater we introduce human interventions to kill bacteria or pests, the greater the host's susceptibility to disease. (Think: Antibiotics, pesticides.) Eradicating resistance to change through chemicals - or ignorance - only serves to make it stronger.
Employees who don't want the change are often seen like this - a force to be eliminated or incentiving them to "go along and get along."
But resistance to change that is not welcome, discussed, and transformed - drives underground. This results in higher attrition and increasing disengagement of workers. (Gallup's research shows the VAST majority of the workforce are not fully engaged at work, since the early 2000's.)
When you introduce healthy resistance to change: Inviting “what if we don't do this” and “that will never work” conversations (in a structured way, at the right time) it allows the idea, innovation or change to become stronger. It also builds trust in the leader, by showing he or she is open to diverse points of view. (So long as their inquiry influences the final outcome, and is more than a check-the-box exercise).
Asking hard questions about the downside of the change doesn’t mean you'll reverse your position. Rather, it strengthens the team or organization's “implementation muscles” by exploring the pitfalls and realities necessary to succeed at the change.
Resistance Strength Training on a team or in an organization takes two primary forms:
(1) Quick cycles of testing new ideas with a pilot group – then adjust or pivot;
(2) Future scenario planning, with a robust exploration of potential challenges or problems.
By embracing resistance to change as an ally, you create a stronger team.
#3 – Resistance to change is a mirror.
In Aikido martial arts, the principle of honor and character is central to besting an opponent. “Inner world” is as important as “outer world.”
If your team is feeling this change is “Too Much Right Now!” or that the "Costs Outweigh the Benefits" - consider it a mirror for deeper examination into areas of doubt or concern - whether within yourself, or more broadly. The leadership needed from your team (or by the organization) is being reflected more through non-compliance or dis-engagement, than through positive signals.
One CEO we worked with, had a very ambitious growth agenda for 2018 (and beyond.) Her team was steadily increasing their workloads and hours, working harder and longer to accommodate the rapid growth/change. They did so because they trusted and wanted to please her; she had built a very healthy, positive workplace culture. And yet, burning out was a real risk from unrelenting workloads and turnover in key positions - but they didn't know how to speak up about it. This underbelly of concern was unexposed because people didn’t want to let her down. The situation was not anyone's "fault." It simply had not been a cultivated conversation.
Unless you have explicitly created a culture that practices truth-telling, where it is both expected and "safe" to voice dissent, people don't want to tell hard truths to their leader. Sometimes it's about conflict-aversion. Sometimes it's about fear of letting down the person you admire. Sometimes it's just faulty assumptions "They're too important to be bothered" or "This isn't their problem."
As a compassionate leader, this CEO had the choice to press onward and simply override their concerns. (Knowing, not all of their concerns were accurate.) In the end, she knew it was more important to tend to their feelings, and the resistance, directly. “This is not about whether they are right or wrong, or my ego. This is about whether they are committed. I cannot do this without my team.”
The leader who sees push-back as a mirror reflecting his or her leadership edge (and opportunity), can tolerate real conversations about the downside of the change. That leader knows the business results are directly determined by how well cooperation and alignment is present. “I have the power and the answers, your job is to comply" will not lead an organization to Great. Instead, it will consistently erode the capital you need to win: People. (And their trust in you.)
Embracing push-back .... Using it to strengthen the cause ... and respecting people and their views, melts resistance to change faster than any PowerPoint deck or glitzy Kick-Off meeting.
Give it a try and see for yourself.
Leading Big Change in Your Company?
Perhaps one of our two most current, innovative programs might be of interest to you, or your organization:
My Change Game - a ground-breaking, interactive board game for building collaboration and teamwork. Great for off-site retreats, Leadership Universities, or a Kick-Off.
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